This genus contains about 100 species, and more than 8,000 cultivars and hybrids, of deciduous and evergreen shrubs and a few perennials. They are from mountainous areas of Central and South America, and New Zealand with a single species in Tahiti.In general Fuchsia flowers are usually tubular and pendent, sometimes likened to ballerinas wearing a tutu. They are often bicoloured, with a corolla of one hue and a tube and four sepals of another that form a cup or bell. They may be single, with four petals; semi-double, with five-seven petals; or fully double with eight or more petals. Fuchsias with very long-tubed single flowers are usually from the Triphylla Group. Fuchsia procumbens is unusual in that its flowers are erect rather than pendent.Flower size can vary from 0.5cm (1/4in) to 6cm (21/4in) across the sepals. The leaves are frequently toothed, can be almost yellow to dark green or purple-backed, mostly deciduous with some evergreen.  Fuchsias are popular as garden plants as they can be trained as standards, fans, espaliers, etc, or left to grow as bushes in the border. Most are treated as half-hardy annuals in bedding schemes and hanging baskets, but they can be overwintered and some are naturally hardier. Fuchsia magellanica is the hardiest species, used extensively in the breeding of the modern hardy fuchsia.Fuchsia is named for Leonhart Fuchs (1501 – 1566), a German physician and herbalist who, sadly, never saw a fuchsia.